Data Science

The Cells Behind the Perfect Eye Roll 071118

  • Published11 Jul 2018

  • Reviewed11 Jul 2018

  • Author

    Charlie Wood

  • Source

Image of motor neurons in eye

Image Courtesy of Richard Wingate

As you read this sentence, your eyes dart back and forth many times each second. As they hop, they take in letters for your brain to assemble into ideas. It’s these glowing red motor neurons that make it all possible, letting you point those pupils at will.

The neurons responsible for executing your eye movements start out in the middle of the brain, as seen here in a 10-day old chicken egg, before coming together and exiting the brain as a braided nerve fiber. When this fiber nears the eye, that bundle splits up, and its branches stick themselves into the various muscles that grip the eyeball. Electrical signals passing through the nerve bundle make the appropriate muscles tighten up, letting your gaze hop from one side of the page to the other.

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